The endodontics practice includes the diagnostics, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the hard dental tissues, more popularly known as caries or non-carious teeth diseases.
Caries are a process that is limited to the structure of the enamel and dentin. When the process progresses in-depth and affects the pulp (the nerve, the vascular-nervous bundle, the living part of the tooth) it grows into pulpitis (the inflammatory process of the pulp), and when it advances, even more, the process can affect the bone surrounding the tooth, when we get periodontitis.
The treatment of pulpitis and periodontitis is the main task of endodontics. It consists of two main approaches.